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dc.contributor.authorRossow, Ingeborg
dc.contributor.authorBogstrand, Stig Tore
dc.contributor.authorEkeberg, Øivind
dc.contributor.authorNormann, Per Trygve
dc.identifier.citationRossow, I., Bogstrand, S. T., Ekeberg, Ø., & Normann, P. T. (2013). Associations between heavy episodic drinking and alcohol related injuries: a case control study. BMC public health, 13(1). DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1076nb_NO
dc.description.abstractBackground: Alcohol is a significant risk factor for injuries. This study addresses 1) whether the risk of alcohol related injury increases with frequency of heavy episodic drinking (HED) in a linear fashion, and 2) whether a small group of high risk drinkers accounts for the majority of alcohol related injuries. Methods: We applied a case – control design. Cases were BAC positive injured patients (n = 534) and controls were respondents to a general population survey in Norway (n = 1947). Age and gender adjusted association between self-reported past year HED frequency and alcohol related injury risk was estimated in logistic regression models for all alcohol related injuries and for violence injuries and accident injuries separately. Results: An increase in HED was associated with an increase in risk of alcohol related injury, resembling a linear risk function. The small fraction of high risk drinkers (6.6%) accounted for 41.6% of all alcohol related injuries, thus lending support to the validity of the prevention paradox. Conclusion: There is a strong relationship between frequency of heavy episodic drinking and risk of alcohol related injuries, yet the majority of alcohol related injuries are found among drinkers who are not in the high risk group. Keywords: Alcohol, Heavy episodic drinking, Injuries, Accidents, Violence, Case control study, Prevention paradoxnb_NO
dc.publisherBioMed Centralnb_NO
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleAssociations between heavy episodic drinking and alcohol related injuries: a case control studynb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.source.pagenumber8 s.nb_NO
dc.source.journalBMC Public Healthnb_NO

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal